Astaria Global is researching and expanding on a line of AlphaActive™ Therapies™ for inflammation/degeneration of joints in canines. Anticipated release in Q4 2021.
Degenerative joint disease, or DJD, is osteoarthritis, a progressive disease in dogs that is characterized by chronic joint inflammation, as well as the deterioration of cartilage surrounding the joints. In addition to cartilage, surrounding tissues and synovial fluid also suffer deterioration. It’s not uncommon to see the growth of bone spurs around the joints in concurrence with the progression of osteoarthritis, due to increasing friction between the bones. All of this can cause your dog a lot of pain, although it may not become apparent until the disease is advanced (Central Texas Animal Hospital, 2018).
Companion animals are not meant to perform any specific task but rather to simply provide companionship. Over 62% of households in the United States include at least one companion animal. Service animals fall into this category as well. The most common orthopedic injuries seed in companion animals is that of a cranial cruciate ligament tear, which can occur due to obesity, overexertion, or simply twisting, turning or landing wrong (Animal Welfare Institute, n.d.).
Herd dogs are responsible for bringing animals together in a group (herd), maintaining that group and moving the group from place to place. One very common breed of herding dogs is the sheepdog. They are known for herding animals such as sheep, cattle or goats. Common injuries include strains of the tendons from overstretching or running too quickly (Bruce, 2007).
Agility dogs are directed by a handler off leash through an obstacle course and judged on both accuracy and time. The courses are created so that a dog could not complete them correctly without human direction. Agilities may include seesaws, A-frames, tunnels, hurdles and more. Many handlers claim that about 1 in 3 dogs incur injuries from agility-related activities. Locations most commonly injured are the shoulders, back, hindlimb and neck (Baltzer, 2012).
Police K9s can perform many tasks, including public-order enforcement, illicit-substance detection, tracking and searching, or chasing a fleeing suspect. Common breeds used in the police force include German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers and Boxers (Criminal Justice School, n.d.).
Dog racing is the racing of dogs around an enclosed track in pursuit of something. Dog racing is banned in many stated within the U.S. over concerns for the animals’ welfare. Many race dogs experience strains or sprains of the tendons and ligaments as well as inflammatory issues in the hind and back (The Humane Society of the United States, n.d.).
Hunting dogs include hounds, terriers and gun dogs. These are further divided based on a breed’s skillset and capabilities. Common injuries include strains, sprains or broken bones due to running and jumping on uneven surfaces (SportDog, n.d).
Central Texas Animal Hospital &. (2018, January 16). Degenerative Joint Disease in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from https://www.centraltexasanimalhospital.com/degenerative-joint-disease-in-dogs/.
Animal Welfare Institute. (n.d.). Companion Animals. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from https://awionline.org/content/companion-animals.
Bruce, W. J. (2007). The Management of Specific Injuries in Cattle and Sheep Dogs – WSAVA2007. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/defaultadv1.aspx?pId=11242&id=3860860&print=1.
Baltzer, W. (2012). Sporting Dog Injuries: DVM 360: Veterinary Medicine. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from http://veterinarymedicine.dvm360.com/sporting-dog-injuries.
Criminal Justice School. (n.d.). Police K-9 Unit. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from https://www.criminaljusticeschoolinfo.com/police-k9-unit.html.
The Humane Society of the United States. (n.d.). Greyhound racing FAQ. Retrieved November 7, 2019, from https://www.humanesociety.org/resources/greyhound-racing-faq.
S. (n.d.). Dealing with Hunting Dog Injuries. Retrieved September 14, 2020, from https://www.sportdog.com/hunting-training-tips/dealing-with-hunting-dog-injuries